Skip to main content

Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge. | The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life .

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing nearly 100,000 titles and over 160,000 volumes.

170,590
RESULTS
rss


Media Type
18
collections
170,572
texts
Year
1,322
1930
2,108
1929
2,175
1928
2,313
1927
2,417
1926
2,052
1925
More right-solid
Topics & Subjects
12,380
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs
11,966
Flowers Seeds Catalogs
9,867
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs
8,998
Natural history
8,868
Science
7,521
Botany
More right-solid
Collection
More right-solid
Creator
1,207
united states. bureau of entomology and plant quarantine
724
u.s. fish and wildlife service
684
golden gate audubon society.; audubon association of the pacific.; audubon society of the pacific.
567
harvard university. museum of comparative zoology
557
engelmann, george,
550
united states national museum
More right-solid
Language
125,870
English
15,198
German
12,186
French
2,684
Latin
2,556
Spanish
2,265
Italian
More right-solid
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
collection
7,923
ITEMS
6.5M
VIEWS
collection
eye 6.5M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
collection
1,041
ITEMS
956,426
VIEWS
collection
eye 956,426
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature
collection
6,974
ITEMS
337,090
VIEWS
collection
eye 337,090
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature, which is funded generously by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), will significantly increase online access to biodiversity material by positioning the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) as an on-ramp for biodiversity content providers that would like to contribute to the national digital library infrastructure through the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA).
darwinslibrary
collection
315
ITEMS
296,769
VIEWS
collection
eye 296,769
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
collection
1,613
ITEMS
230,335
VIEWS
collection
eye 230,335
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
statement of responsibility: collected from most authentick authors, augmented with later observations, and adorn'd with maps and sculptures by John Ogilby
Smithsonian Field Books
collection
2,260
ITEMS
164,272
VIEWS
collection
eye 164,272
This collection contains items from the Smithsonian Field Book Project, an initiative to increase accessibility to field book content that documents natural history.
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
texts
eye 118,341
favorite 13
comment 6
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 6 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
BHL Field Notes Project
collection
2,932
ITEMS
77,369
VIEWS
collection
eye 77,369
The BHL Field Notes Project is a collaborative project funded by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). It provides open access to field notes from institutions throughout the United States. Building on the work of the Smithsonian Field Book Project, the BHL Field Notes Project aims not only to provide general access to this material, but to reunite fragmented collections through institutional collaboration. Doing so will provide a more complete picture of the expeditions,...
10
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany -- Great Britain, Wild flowers -- Great Britain Identification
collection
eye 69,357
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
University of Toronto - John M. Kelly Library
by Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882
texts
eye 42,663
favorite 32
comment 0
Previously published as: On the origin of species by means of natural selection
Topics: Evolution, Natural selection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
texts
eye 40,990
favorite 14
comment 4
Includes bibliography
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 4 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Cornell University Library
texts
eye 38,889
favorite 3
comment 1
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Poultry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
texts
eye 38,544
favorite 25
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references and index
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
texts
eye 32,120
favorite 2
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
texts
eye 30,153
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Cattle
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
texts
eye 29,326
favorite 58
comment 5
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 5 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
texts
eye 25,505
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
texts
eye 24,150
favorite 22
comment 3
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 3 reviews )
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
texts
eye 22,812
favorite 5
comment 0
Contains bibliographies
Topic: Zoology
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
texts
eye 21,850
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Asia, India
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
texts
eye 21,171
favorite 22
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Potter, George Edwin, 1898-
texts
eye 20,339
favorite 10
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 889-904
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 19,754
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
14
Topics: English language -- Glossaries, vocabularies, etc, Gaelic language -- Glossaries, vocabularies,...
OISE/UT Library
by Pliny, the Elder; Rackham, H. (Harris), 1868-1944
texts
eye 19,027
favorite 9
comment 1
Latin and English on opposite pages
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 18,874
favorite 2
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 183-188
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
Journal move 1991
Topics: Fishes -- North America, Fishes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
texts
eye 18,519
favorite 2
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 18,473
favorite 6
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 18,335
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 17,910
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Pacific Northwest Horticulture
collection
777
ITEMS
17,837
VIEWS
collection
eye 17,837
Pacific Northwest plant and garden society publications.
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 17,637
favorite 0
comment 0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Strasburger, Eduard, 1844-1912; Schenck, H. (Heinrich), 1860-1927; Noll, Fritz, 1858-1908; Karsten, George, 1863-1937; Lang, W. H. (William Henry), b. 1874
texts
eye 17,503
favorite 3
comment 0
"Index of literature": p. 691-715
Topic: Botany -- Textbooks
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 17,266
favorite 0
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 17,204
favorite 9
comment 0
Source: London, UK
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 16,535
favorite 2
comment 0
Topic: Mink farming
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Maheshwari, P. (Panchanan), 1904-1966
texts
eye 16,443
favorite 0
comment 0
Includes bibliographies
Topics: Angiosperms, Botany -- Embryology
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
texts
eye 16,130
favorite 7
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 601-669
Topics: Luminescence, Phosphorescence, Fluorescence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
texts
eye 16,059
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Society (Great Britain)
texts
eye 15,940
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 15,698
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Originally published in 1652 under title: The English physician
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica, Botany, Medical, Herbs
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
texts
eye 15,512
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Walter, Herbert Eugene, b. 1867; Sayles, Leonard Perkins, 1902-
texts
eye 15,508
favorite 5
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 833-835
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates -- Anatomy, Anatomy, Comparative
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
texts
eye 15,445
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 15,412
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
texts
eye 14,739
favorite 3
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
OISE/UT Library
by Pliny, the Elder; Rackham, H. (Harris), 1868-1944
texts
eye 14,729
favorite 6
comment 0
Latin and English on opposite pages
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
texts
eye 14,659
favorite 0
comment 0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
14
Topics: Agriculture, English language, English language, Home economics, cbk
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 14,347
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliography
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 14,341
favorite 2
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
texts
eye 14,287
favorite 6
comment 0
Topic: Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
texts
eye 14,205
favorite 10
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 13,933
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 13,897
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
texts
eye 13,740
favorite 1
comment 0
26 52
Topic: Agriculture -- Early works to 1800
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
texts
eye 13,592
favorite 11
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 18
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Riley, Herbert Parkes, 1904-
texts
eye 13,518
favorite 2
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 545-569
Topic: Cytogenetics
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 13,416
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kudo, Richard R. (Richard Roksabro), b. 1886
texts
eye 13,358
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Protozoa
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 13,160
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 13,148
favorite 4
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 132-165) and index
Topic: Birds -- Europe
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 13,105
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Culture Media
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
texts
eye 13,049
favorite 1
comment 0
26
Topics: Encyclopedias and dictionaries -- Early works to 1600, Education of princes, Civilization,...
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 13,001
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Cockfighting
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Almeida Pinto, Joaquim de; Cmara, Manuel Arruda da, 1752?-1811?; Almeida Pinto, Zeferino
texts
eye 12,969
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Plants -- Brazil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ortner, Donald J; Aufderheide, Arthur C; International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (12th : 1988 : Zagreb, Croatia)
texts
eye 12,947
favorite 1
comment 0
Based on a symposium held during the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslovia, July 24-31, 1988
Topic: Paleopathology